To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.).
This willow-like shrub is well known as being having medicinal values as well as being edible. Sea Buckthorn is in the Elaeagnaceae so there are some resemblances to the Autumn Olive shrub and Russian Olive tree. Its Latin name is Elaeagnus rhamnoides but it is also known as Hippophae rhamnoides. This shrub is native to northwestern Europe, through central Asia to western and northern China and the northern Himalayas. It his also known as Siberian Pineapple, Sea Berry, Sandthorn or Sallow Thorn. Sea Buckthorn is a stocky shrub growing up to 2m (6') tall, with thorny branches densely packed with orange fruit. It was used in ancient Greece as a fodder for horses to promote weight gain and a shiny coat.
Sea Buckthorn has a single trunk which grows in girth with age and branches out. It is generally smooth, brown to dark brown to almost black, with thorns occuring where it branches out.
The branches are dense, stiff, and very thorny with both terminal and axillary twig spines.
This shrub can grow to over 4m tall (12').
Leaves are linear or lanceolate shaped, 3 to 8 cm (up to 3") long and are very thin, less than 7 mm (0.27") wide. They are dark grey-green on the upper surface and a distinct pale, silvery-grey on the lower surface.
Flowers are small, yellow and appear before the leaves being produced on three-year-old shrubs.
In the wild, this grows in a variety of environments in which there is full sun and adequate moisture.
Largely, this shrub is known for its edible fruit, although the leaves can be picked, dried, and stored to make tea.
EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects.
We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Please click here for more information.